Reduce Costs By $ Millions With Optessa Production Scheduling Which Considers ALL Factors
Numerous factors influence production schedules, variously referred to as constraints, rules, restrictions and so on. Some examples are: the capacity of a plant or supplier, the lifetime of a die, SKU based changeover times, the ideal batch size for a paint color.
To ensure that the schedule is executable, all of these factors must be considered when creating it. Every factor that is ignored or violated has implications in terms of lost throughput, additional inventory, offline workforce, delayed deliveries, stability loss due to frequent rescheduling and so on. Everyone of which has a cost impact.
When creating schedules, Optessa considers all constraints and rules in a complete model. Constraints and rules may conflict with each other, so Optessa allows the user to prioritize each factor, while recognizing that some factors just cannot be violated (often called “hard constraints”). The resulting Optessa schedule will offer the best balance among these factors and save costs to the tune of $ millions.
Example: Model Mix Cost Savings
Consider the problem of model mix in an auto assembly plant. Car Models A and B are produced in the plant:
- Line balancing requires that Model A should be made in blocks of 18 units & Model B in blocks of 7. However, the legacy schedule resulted in a weekly average of 38 model mix violations of which 31 violations were of the block size rules.
- An additional constraint is that Model B “Regular Trim” and Model A cannot be scheduled back to back. This constraint was violated 21 times per week on average in the legacy schedule.
The cost of each violation is between $50 and $200. Optessa’s production schedule satisfied all constraints completely, which gave the plant an annual cost saving of roughly $700,000 – just for this rule! The image shows the Optessa schedule with the Model Mix rule perfectly satisfied.
Example: Cost Savings in Spacing Product Features
The assembly of cars with Sunroofs is another excellent example of how Optessa saves significant costs. Fitting Sunroofs has higher work content, takes more time and thus may reduce the throughput of the line. Sunroofs cannot therefore be scheduled back to back. Spacing out the Sunroof models ensures a smooth schedule and optimal throughput. The legacy schedule showed multiple violations of this rule, resulting in an average annual loss of 435 vehicles due to reduced throughput. This was equivalent to roughly $300,000 annually. Optessa schedule had no violations of this rule. This saved the entire $300,000 for the manufacturer – again, for this rule alone! The image below shows Sunroof orders spaced evenly across the sequence.
ANNUAL COST SAVINGS
Significant cost savings accrued from just these 2 rules. When all rules and constraints were considered, the annual cost saving for a single car plant was estimated at $4 million. All industries have such rules and constraints and can derive similar benefits from Optessa scheduling.